Leggi: adriatic_brochure 2019_web
Leggi: adriatic_brochure 2019_web
Il documentario narra, attraverso interviste e riprese condotte nelle principali marinerie della Puglia, le trasformazioni dell’Adriatico, un mare che fino a pochi decenni fa custodiva una grande ricchezza in biodiversità e che oggi si ritrova impoverito e malato. A raccontare questa parabola sono i suoi protagonisti. Coloro che il mare lo hanno vissuto e amato: pescatori che vivono in prima persona la crisi della pesca, ricercatori che ne rilevano con preoccupazione i cambiamenti, attivisti e funzionari di parchi e riserve, che conducono azioni di tutela. Questo racconto del mare è diviso in capitoli scanditi dalla presenza e dalle straordinarie interpretazioni dal vivo di Dario Muci, cantore e ricercatore etnomusicale, e Rachele Andrioli, una tra le più belle voci del Mediterraneo.
Regia: Francesco Cabras, Alberto Molinari
Ideazione: Domitilla Senni
Musicisti: Rachele Andrioli, Dario Muci,Valerio Daniele
Produzione: MedReAct Adriatic Recovery Project – GANGA
It’s time to bring angels back. And if we listen to the better angels of our nature, we can.
Imagine you are an Angel Shark. You look more like a ray than a shark, but shark you are. You live in the waters of the Adriatic, in a marine forest surrounded by young fish at play in their nursery. A pod of dolphins swim excitedly by, worrying a school of tuna. You bury yourself in the sandy bottom where a special form of gill, unusual among sharks, known as a spiracle, delivers oxygen straight to your brain, allowing you to lie still, the eyes on top of your head just above the sand, your whisker-like barbels sensing the slightest movement in the water. You are awaiting your favourite late afternoon Mediterranean snack: a ray or a flatfish preferably. Should one swim by, your strike, at a right angle to your body, will take less than a tenth of a second. The long fin under your belly, the mirror image of most shark’s long top fin, will help propel you upwards. You’ll snag your prey between nine rows of razor sharp teeth on the top of your jaw and the ten rows of teeth on the bottom.
But you won’t be eating today, or ever again. Your sensitive barbel picks up a disturbance in the water, something very big, moving very fast. You lie still as you can, but suddenly all around you is chaos: Sponge shredding, the sand on the sea bottom in sudden turmoil, and you’re being dragged and then lifted up by a heavy chain dragging along the seafloor and then pushed into a wall of fish and rock and sea life at the back of a bottom trawler’s net, strip mining the sea bottom. You’re bycatch, an unwanted victim of a fishing net intended to catch hake or shrimp, but in the process managing to destroy everything in its path. You’re among the last of your kind.
Angel sharks, extinct in large areas of the Mediterranean today, were once plentiful in the Adriatic. They bear live young, but only 1 in 5 ever reach maturity, which has made them particularly vulnerable to the chronic overfishing, the depletion of oyster beds, and the loss of habitat to bottom trawling that have plagued the Mediterranean for decades.
The angel shark is emblematic of the steep decline in the number and variety of fish in the Adriatic. It was common at least until the mid 1920s, and known as “monkfish” and “sand devil” on restaurant menus across Europe.
Its exploitation goes back thousands of years. Ancient Greeks described its flesh as “light” and “easily digestible.” Its rough skin was reportedly used by craftsmen for polishing wood and, ironically, ivory. Nothing like using the skin of one endangered species to buff up the tusks of another.
In the 1920s, nearly 60,000 kilograms of Angel Shark a year were sold in the Venice fish market alone. By 1980, that figure was down to 20 kilograms. Then nothing. The species is all but gone now.
But with better protection of habitat, better management of fishing fleets, and an end to the practice of bottom trawling, we can bring the Angel Shark back. We can make this symbol of overexploitation a symbol of regeneration, of coming to our senses, of a new relationship with the ocean.
The angels of the bible were messengers: they escorted Adam and Eve from the garden of Eden, they bore glad tidings and prophecies. The Angel Shark is a messenger as well — a warning of how our shortsighted plunder of our own home threatens our own extinction. It’s time to believe we can change. It’s time to hear the message of the Angel Shark. It’s time to #BelieveInAngels.
Want to tell the world you #BelieveInAngels?
Print and hang your very own ANGEL SHARK CHRISTMAS ORNAMENT on your tree! Take a picture and upload it to Snapchat, Instagram, Facebook or Twitter with the tag #BelieveInAngels and join us in making a great big Christmas wish for better ocean protection.
19 aprile 2017 – Il ministero dell’Agricoltura introduca “presto misure di salvaguardia concrete per la Fossa di Pomo”, nell’Adriatico centrale, che è “la nursery più importante di questo mare, dove si riproducono specie ittiche fondamentali come scampi e naselli”. L’appello al ministro delle Risorse agricole Maurizio Martina arriva dal deputato Mario Catania, ex ministro dell’Agricoltura e membro della Commissione Agricoltura della Camera. Intervenendo a una conferenza stampa a Montecitorio, Catania ha sollecitato l’introduzione di “una politica rigorosa, in grado di invertire la tendenza al depauperamento delle risorse marine, come già accaduto per il tonno rosso grazie ai limiti di pesca Ue”. Accanto a questo, ha evidenziato, occorrono “misure di tamponamento per le marinerie”, da sostenere economicamente per lo stop alla pesca nella Fossa di Pomo, attraverso “il fondo pesca Ue o, come seconda opzione, con fondi nazionali”.
La chiusura della Fossa alla pesca a strascico, in accordo con la Croazia, è stata chiesta nel febbraio scorso da MedReAct, un gruppo di ong che punta a una riforma della politica ittica Ue, alla Commissione generale della pesca del Mediterraneo. “La nostra proposta – ha spiegato Domitilla Senni di MedReAct – prevede l’istituzione di una Zona di restrizione della pesca nella Fossa per tutelarne le risorse e contribuire al recupero degli stock ittici”. Il recupero, evidenzia, riguarda il nasello, che ha un tasso di sfruttamento cinque volte superiore ai limiti di sostenibilità nonostante catture dimezzate tra il 2006 e il 2014, e lo scampo, con catture giù del 54%. Un accordo con la Croazia per la tutela dell’Adriatico, oltre alla pesca, dovrebbe riguardare anche gli idrocarburi. “Occorre un’intesa con i Paesi rivieraschi – ha detto il presidente della commissione Ambiente della Camera Ermete Realacci – per arrivare a interdire le ricerche petrolifere.
Malta, 28 March 2017. “There are at least nine areas in the Mediterranean that need protection as a matter of priority in order to safeguard marine ecosystems and contribute to the recovery of fish stocks, starting with the central Adriatic where Italy and Croazia must soon state their positions regarding the protection of the Jakuba/Pomo Pit.” This is the call of MedReAct on the eve of the Ministerial Conference on Mediterranean Fisheries organised by the European Commission, taking place in Malta 29 and 30 March 2017. This area, which lies between Italy and Croatia, reaches a maximum depth of 200-260 metres, and has unique geomorphological and oceanographic features. It suffers severe impacts from bottom trawling which over the years has greatly reduced Adriatic fish stocks. This fishing method represents a serious threat to one of the most important nursery and spawning zones for European hake and Norway lobster (for more details see the attached briefing document). A proposal for its protection is currently being examined by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean which will express its position in the coming months.
The Malta conference, in which sixteen ministers from Mediterranean countries will participate, will conclude with the signing of the Malta MedFish4Ever declaration, committing Mediterranean countries to protect vulnerable species and sensitive habitats and to establish fisheries restricted zones and marine protected areas. By 2020 the coastal states must achieve protection of 10% of the Mediterranean Sea, in line with the sustainable development goals of the United Nations and the Convention on Biological Diversity. “Protection of the Jakuba Pomo Pit represents an important testing ground on which to verify the level of political will to restore vulnerable marine areas and fish stocks and to save the future of Adriatic fisheries,” declared MedReAct spokesperson Domitilla Senni. “We call on Italy and Croatia to make a public commitment at the Malta Ministerial Conference to protect this area from bottom trawling.”
In addition to the Pomo Pit, MedReAct draws attention to eight other priority areas requiring protection measures:
Each of these areas is described below.
PRIORITY AREAS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA
Between January and June 2016 the Albanian Association for Protection of Aquatic Wildlife of Albania (APAWA) and MedReAct carried out the Project “Promoting fish recovery in the Karaburun – Sazan MPA” with financial support from the Waitt Foundation, .
The Project’s overall objective was to raise public and decision-makers’ awareness on the need to enforce marine conservation measures in Albania, provide for the recovery of depleted fish stocks and promote sustainable fisheries, in particular by:
The Project engaged with the Vlora fishermen community and other relevant institutions such as the General Fisheries Directorate of the Ministry of Agriculture, the national and local branch of the Agency of Protected Areas, the Vlora Fisheries Inspectorate, the Ministry of Environment, the University of Vlora, the Agricultural University of Tirana, environmental NGOs and experts on fisheries and marine environment.
Download the final report: Promoting fish recovery in the Karaburun – Sazan Marine Protected Area (MPA).