The Mediterranean Sea has been recognized as a biodiversity hotspot. Although it covers only 0.8% of the global ocean surface, it hosts a unique ecosystem with 7% of the world’s marine species – including 750 species of fish.
Many of the species found in the Mediterranean Sea are endemic and at-risk. Sharks, rays, seagrass meadows, coralligenous reefs are all part of this rich and unique ecosystem that is degrading at an alarming rate due to climate change and human activity.
In 2011, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) found that half of the assessed Mediterranean marine fish species are endangered by overfishing or incidental capture (bycatch).
91% of the Mediterranean fish stocks are overfished: Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated fishing (IUU) is considered one of the biggest threats to the recovery of the fragile ecosystem of the Mediterranean Sea.
According to the IUCN, governments need to create no-take zones (areas where no fishing activity is permitted) to support species repopulation and biodiversity restoration.
MedReAct’s mission is to catalyze action for the recovery of Mediterranean marine ecosystems by ensuring a long-term, fair, and sustainable use of the resources of our common sea.